Zosaphluia Sulhnu

“An Lalin mihring thluak a duh hle mai a, an mi thah apiang chu a lu an la zel…” tih thu ṭihbaiawm tak chu Mizo te chanchin a hriatchhun a ni a, chung mite chenna – Mizoram awmna lai a hre bawk.

Mahni damkhawchhuahna tur ngaihtuah a, mahni invenhim nana midang te do a, ram leh hnam himna tura rammu ṭhin te chanchin thang ri ṭihbaiawm tak chu hlauh a hnehin, an hnena Chanchin Ṭha hril ṭulzia hriatnawn tirtu a ni ta zawk a; remna palai, Krista Chanchin Ṭha hmang chauha chhanchhuah theih an ni tih a hriatreng avangin.

Liverpool lawngchawlh hmun aṭangin Zoram panin meilawngin a kal a. Chawlh kar li zet hnuah Calcutta lawng chawlhhmun a thleng a. Silchar thleng rela a kal leh hnuin Tlawngdungah lawngleng 3 hmangin a rawn chho a, August 31, 1897-ah Aizawl a lo thleng ta a ni.

Mizorama rawngbawlna ṭulzia an sawi ruala Mizo te zinga thawk tura an duhthusam, “…Mi nghet leh huaisen, mi remhria, mi te nena thawhho thiam mi” tih chu amahah hian a kim vek ni berin a lang.

Zofate nêkbuaitu thil chi hrang hrang thleng mêk karah, Sap thuhnuaia Zofate an kun chhoh ṭantirh lai, Sapho hawtu an tam êm êm lai a ni a. Ram inrelbawl dan phung a inthlak chhoh lai, Lalte thu leh Kumpinu Sawrkar thu a inkawlkalh fo hunlai, tuilairapa mipui te an dinfo laiin DE Jones-a hian rawngbawl hna a ṭan a. A hautak dan tur leh a harsat dan tur hi ngaihtuah thiam phak piah lam a ni.

Ṭhahnemngai takin, dawhthei takin, rawng a bawl a, thlarau thianghlimin rem hriatna a pe a, midangte thawhpui thiamna pein, finnain a thuam a, Chanchin Ṭha mei chu mitlovin a chhi nung chho ta a ni. Ringthar a siam a, Kohhran a phun a, Lalpa tan ram lain milula hnam chu mihring mantuah a siam chho ta a ni.

Zirna In a din a, lehkha chhutna a bun a, Bible a letling a, Kohhranhote Inkhawmpui a buatsaih a, Wales ram lama vehburkhawn ai chuan mahni kutkawih ngei a dinga, intodelh thei turin Kohhran a enkawl a, a hunlaia ringtu te leh ringlo mite pawhin an ui êm êm, Lal tena an zah leh an ngaihsan a ni.

Capel Mynydd Seion, Abergele kianga Pu Zosaphluia te nupa thlan. He thlanmualah hian Missionary tam tak an phum avangin “Missionary Thlanmual” tiin an sawi mai thin. Pu Awna (Rev OW Owen) te nupa pawh he thlanmualah tho hian phum an ni (April 15, 2019).

Mizoram a chhuahsan hnuah Liverpool-a Capel Bethel-ah a lawi a, chuta ṭangin Wales hmarlam, Prestatyn-ah an insawnin, Capel Rehoboth-ah a lawi ṭhin a, Prestatyn-a a In hmingah hian “Lushai” tih a vuah nghe nghe bawk. A thih hnuin a ruang chu Abergele Biak In sira thlanmualah “Missionary thlanmual” tia an koh takah zalh a ni ta a ni.

Pu Zosaphluia te nupa thlanah (April 15, 2019)

Pu Zosaphluia kha thusawi thiam a ni lo a, Kohhran inenkawlna leh inrelbawlna chungchanga mi remhria leh fing, dawhthei tak a ni thung. Mizo te zinga Kohhran lungphum phum a, Chanchin Ṭha meichher chhi engtu hi an rama a kir leh hnuah a thusawi thiam loh avangin a chipui te ngaihhlut a hlawh lo a, Mizote thim ata enga hruaitu, Krista sipai huaisen a nihna chuan Kohhran mi nawlpui hriat a hlawh lo.

April 16, 2019: Zosaphluia Chenna kawtah (Team 1)
April 16, 2019: Zosaphluia Chenna kawtah (Team 2)

Lalpa ram tana a beihna leh ṭhahnemngaihna te chu a chipui ten ngaihlu thiam tawklo mahsela rawng a bawlsak ṭhin Lalpa tan chuan hlu tak a ni a; Lalpa rawng a bawl ṭhinna hnam, Mizote tan phei chuan a hlu lehzual bawk. A chanchin hre fuh a, ngaisang êm êmtu ṭhenkhat te erawh Pathian tana hrâng turin a cho chhuak thung; Rev. JM Lloyd kha chu’ng zinga pakhat chu a ni.

Bryn Melyn khuaa Zosaphluia seilenna In (April 16, 2019).

Zosaphluia Mizorama a lo chhuah kum 100-na denchhenin Wales Kohhran ṭhalai ten a naupan laia Bryn Melyn-a a chenna ṭhin Inah a neitute remtihnain chhinchhiahna “lungphum” an phum a, chu lungphumah chuan heti hian an ziak a:
Rev. DE Jones (1870 – 1947), Mizoram, India-a Chanchin Ṭha meichher chhitu (1897 – 1927) Chenna

Pu Zosaphluia Chenna ṭhin banga chhinchhiahna chu (April 16, 2019)

Wales rama kan cham chhung khan Zosaphluia sulhnu hmuh tur a tam lem lo, a lawina ṭhin Kohhran pahniha kan inkhawm te, a seilenna In leh a lei taksa an zalhna thlan kan tlawh bak chu. A sulhnu tak tak zawk erawh chu Mizoram hi a ni a, August 31, 1897 aṭanga a hnathawh hlawhtlin zia tarlanna chu Mizo Kohhran te hi kan ni a, Mizoram a sulhnu ropui tak chu a ni.

CAR FEW: A lockdown story

The streets were empty. The highway would also be empty, if not for a random essential commodity vehicle passing by; other vehicles remain stationary. The only life that could be seen were the men in uniform, and some few volunteers under the badge Local Level Task Force.

Men in uniform

Apparels shops were closed, sports shops and hobby stores were shut. Parlour and spa remain closed. Essential commodities like grocery stores, hardware stores and Pharmacy shops were opened, though. Mankind should learn that there are certain things which support life; and there are certain things, without which you may feel a li’l uglier, but survive. Mankind should re-shuffle his priority list.

Grocery shops were opened…at a specific timing.

Ugliness should not be a concern, because wearing a face mask is mandatory. Mask protect you and others from the virus and also hide your ugly face; if you think you are ugly so, and vice versa.

The best thing about the pandemic is that mankind learn to respect others space. Avoidance of spatial interference is the law. Keeping oneself away from the multitude is the key.

Physical distancing
Only vehicles transporting essential commodities were allowed on the NH54.
Bawngkawng-Sairang Jn. one of the most busy Junction in the City
Empty fruit mongers stall along the NH54
“Why didn’t you go home?” my wife asked. “It is much safer here…” he replied. He was an Egg seller.
Second hand garments stall transformed into grocery stall
Second hand garments stall transformed into grocery stall
Life goes on…Making sure that power lines are ok
Migrant Workers, who preferred to stay
Pharmacy stores were still crowded
Millenium Centre
Inside the Millennium Centre…some few essential commodity stores were randomly opened

This is lockdown, and the cars are few, the best method known so far, to control the abrupt community spreading of the SARS-CoV-2.

[For other photoessays on Covid 19 login to http://bambusapiens.com/uncertain/]

On the Top of Mizoram: A Royal Ascend

‎Aizawl to Sangau

It was Dec. 5th, 2012 05:30 a.m., I was awakened by the most irritating tone of all…an alarm! Waking up at such an hour in a winter morning was not in my routine, if not for a very special occasion. The previous night, I packed my backpacks, keeping everything ready for an early morning Royal ride. As usual, camera, tripod, gps, ors, chocolate, country made knife, torch,  a puan-nuam embedded in a sleeping bag etc. were in my bag. Since it was winter, no insect repellent cream was required. Tent was with B-a.

Firing my ride, I head on to our RV at Ngaizel. My friend B-a, with whom I’ll be traveling was from the West end of the city while I’m from the East end, and we’re heading south. B-a soon arrived. Filling up our fuel, we move ahead towards our destination. The plan was to reach Sangau as early as possible; which is around 230 Km from Aizawl. We took the World Bank road, and at Chalkhan we take a left turn  towards Serchhip. At Sailiamkawn, my partner was stopped by the Assam Rifle Jawans. He was also equipped with knife, camera, gps and other gadgets, may be those looks suspicious. After a while he joined me again. I don’t know why was I not stopped! After having our meal at Keitum, we continued. It was almost 02:00 p.m. when we reached the Tuipui D, where we had to wait for our Royal Enfield to be ferried accross the Chhimtuipui by a mar-boat.

At the Tuipui D pier, waiting for the mar-boat

The mar-boat service there had a special guidelines that made us to wait until two LMV arrived.

Vehicles were ferried by a mar-boat

Suspension Bridge for pedestrian

The mar-boat service here at Tuipui D is the life-line of the South-Eastern Mizoram. The service is operated by the BRTF, 7:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. daily except on Sunday. A pedestrian suspension bridge across the river was the only other option available, then.

During monsoon, when mar-boat service is not available, passengers transit, walking across the suspension bridge, catching another vehicle on the other side.

After waiting for a while, finally the mar-boat landed. We loaded our bobber, waiting for others to turn up. In less than 2 minutes, we were ferried across.

Finally we hop on, another vehicles joined us

The areas around the Tuipui D pier had been protected by the Villagers; as we transverse the river, a school of fish swum around the boat. It was so fascinating that I forgot to click a picture of them fishes!

From Tuipui D, The road to Sangau was mostly on the eastern slope of the hillocks, which make it kinda chilly. The moment when we were on the sunnier side, we have to stopped by, exposed and warm up ourselves. After reaching South Vanlaiphai, a Village next to Darzo, the sun was almost setting. The road was re-surfaced, which left lots of pebbles and made it difficult to ride swiftly. When we arrived at Sangau, it was already dark. We headed straight to our host, who was the relative of my partner.

Ticket Counter at Thaltlang

Sangau to Phawngpui

The next morning i.e., Dec. 6, 2012, we continued our journey, driving towards Farpak, the last point where a vehicle could reach. Since my partner had a permission from the CWW, to conduct his research at Phawngpui, we very oftenly had a field work there, hence, the workers were also familiar with us.

At the entrance of the core area of the Phawngpui National Park

Ascending ~ 500m with a Royal bobber was one hell of an experience. It was a fair weather road. That was not the hurdle, though. But the steepness was. From Thaltlang to Farpak, it was not more than 6 Km. Had we measure the slope percentage, it would definitely be 100% and above.

Finally, we arrived at the Farpak, we parked our bobber at the Old Rest House. We filled our gallon and bottles with water, gearing up for another 7Km uphill trek. The elevation at Farpak was ~1900m and our destination, the peak, was 2157m msl. Since it was not our first time, we were well aware of the patrolling path.

A narrow path, midway across Farpak to Phawngpui peak

Since there was no water-bodies near the peak, we had to carry maximum amount of water, and that put on another weight. On the way to the peak, sometimes, you have to crawl beneath the clumps of Schizostachyum fuchsianum. And sometimes, through the tall and thick grasses.

Rest to regain 😀

It took us 3½ hrs to reach the peak. Setting up the tent and igniting a fire were the first priorities. After which, we started our work.

Our camp at the summit

A night at the peak

An early morning portrait 😁

A view from the peak: Siachangkawn Village in the mid-bottom; Lungtian Village at the rigth extreme corner. Siaha town flooded by a mist.

On the top of Mizoram

I was accompanying my Phenologist friend. The main purpose of the trip was phenology. My comrade, B-a, how we call him, was pursuing his doctoral research on the phenological aspects of Rhodondendron vernacularly termed as “Chhawkhlei” in Mizo. Phawngpui National Park (PNP) is one of the few places where Rhododendron grows in the wild, here in Mizoram. Apart from PNP, it is also found at Tualcheng, Champhai, Ţan tlang, Lurh tlang, Farkawn and East Khankawn. The genus is confined in the Eastern highlands of the state.

Manipulating the polination of a Rhododendron vaechiatinum

Even though I often accompanied him on his field work, I have very limited knowldege of phenological sciences. What we usually did, as I could recollect, was covering the buds of a Rhododendron with a net, so as to manipulate its pollination; In a pixelated terminology, they might termed it hacking the pollination 😁. Most of the time, I was his photographer and his personal body guard. He was better in cooking, hence he cooked, while I’m better in chopping and splitting fuel woods, which I did. Like wise, we assisted each other.

Bud of R. arborea

There were at least three different species of Rhodendron at PNP. As far as my understanding is concerned, these species grows in a very specific ecosystem. Survival rate and regeneration rate is also very low. Dormancy also is long. Wildfires often threatened its survival.


Phawngpui National Park (PNP) is one of the 10 protected areas, and one of the two National Parks of Mizoram, it covers an area of 50 Km². Entry is permitted after paying necessary fees. However, collection of specimen, cutting of plants, killing, snaring and catching of wild animals are strictly prohibited. For research purpose, permission has to be acquired from EF&CC, GoM. Entering the Park without a guide is also prohibited.

Fading glory … A dry Saiburh flower…one of the most common herb at Farpak.

Two Royals at Farpak

Homeward bound

We were done! We’re homeward bound. Trekking downhill and riding downhill were equally uncomfortable. As long as the wheel rotate, it was fine, but there were moments when the wheel could not rotate but slide on the pebbles. After carefully riding downhill, we finally managed to reach Thaltlang. We halt a night at Sangau; the next morning we continue our journey back home.

Homeward bound

At Tuipui D, it was the same ol’ story, waiting for the mar boat and two other LMV. But this time, it was an HMV that turned up.

A Royal pose at the Mar boat on our way back.

After an intensive research work for years, the Mizoram University finally awarded him a Doctorate degree. You can reach him here https://www.facebook.com/malsawm.kima.7

Hawkdak kamtam ti ti: MADS Annual Art Exhibition 2018 thlirna

Mizoram Art Development Society (MADS)-in kumtina an neih thin, Annual Art Exhibition, Archive Hall Babutlanga neih mek chu Nov. 8, 2018 khan ka tlawh ve a. Tv. JVa leh Tv. Rema ten min lo dawngsawnga, painting te kan thlirhoa, Mizoram boruak tawn mek, rip tak lak ata rilru tih thawvenna tha tak a ni. A hlimawmin a boruak a zangkhai khawp mai.

He exhibition hi I&PR leh MADS te buatsaih a ni a. Nov. 6, 2018 khan  I&PR Director Pu David L Thangliana’n a hawng a, Nov. 9, 2018-ah khar a ni.

A hmun hma
‘Archive Hall’ tih hming hian lung a kuai a, mi a hip. Parking erawh a remchang tehchiam lo a, awmna a biru deuh bawk. Mipui nawlpui, kawngkal teilut satliah ang chi te an tlem phah deuhin a rinawm. Chutih rual chuan khawpui thawm riva leh bengchheng dangin a tihbuai loh avangin ngaihtuahna sawrkhawma thlir duh tan erawh hmun tha tak a ni.

Catalogue han tih tur chu a ni lem loin a lang, flyer emaw, brochure emaw ti ta ila a dik zawk maithei. Layout leh design pawh a tha thawkhat viau mai. Artist rual intelkhawm kutchhuak atan erawh ka la sit deuh. Exhibit chungchang information mumal a awm lo hian a hlut tur angin a ti hlu lo deuhin ka hria.

MADS Annual Art Exhibition 2018 Flyer

Kumdanga exhibition neihna aiin a hmunhma a eng tha a, thlirtu tan pawh thlir a nuam. Chutih rual chuan art works inang lo tak tak display a ni a, hmun a chep avangin insi deuh thupa tar a ni kha a uiawm ka ti tak zet. A aia hmun zau leh thawl zawk awm thei se, thlir bing duh bik thlir bing theihna turin.

Thlirbing bik neih harsa khawpin a inhnaih…hmunhma neiih that tawk loh vang erawh a ni ngei mai

Kumin MADS Annual exhibition hi kumdang aiin a tlai a, kumdang aiin a thawm a reh bawk. A rawn thleng thut ni berin a lang. Anmahni artist society lamah chuan an lo inhrilh lawk hma viau maithei tho e. Painting, drawing leh sculpture 140 chuang exhibit a ni a, artist 49 an tel. Kumdang ang bawkin kumina theme kan hmuh tam ber chu Mizo culture lam hawi a ni a, Landscape leh portrait a awm bawk a, caricature a awm bawk. A genre zawng chuan realistic hlang deuh thaw a ni. Subject, technique, concept etc. thil thar hmuh tur a awm lem lo.

Kumdang zawng aiin kan artist te kutchhuak a phuailuai niin ka hmu. Skill tha tak, uluk loh leh taimak tawk loh vanga mam lo, concept-a tel lem lo, kuthnu phuailuai ve hrim² hmuh tur a awm nual.

Composition, perspective, proportion etc
Composition lamah tan lak a ngai viau a, proportion leh perspective lamah kan la hniam zual niin a lang. Lu tê uchuak te, bawp sei uchuak te, vawk lian lutuk te, arpa lian over te, In liang sang ta lutuk te…mihring tê ta tet te…sawi tur a awm nual. Zirchian deuha, teh uluk deuha tihdik maitheih a ni ngei ang.

Concept leh subject
Tarlan tawh angin subject pui ber chu Mizo culture pholang thei a ni a. Mizo identity marker ni a ngaih theih turin pawnchei, ngotekherh leh thangchhuah puan te an hmang rim hle. Bristish-in min awp hma khan hetiang puan hi kan nei reng em? tih hi ngaihtuah tham tak a ni a, lo nei pawh ni ta se Lal mual kil phaklo leh hnamchawm ho khan an nei pha ve kher angem? Fehnaa inthuam nan an hmang phal angem? Tih Mizo kan tum lutuk deuh em?

Mizo te chu tlang chhip mual kila In sa thin kan ni tih lehkhabu ziaktu tam takin an ziak a, tun tuma art work-hoah erawh mual rai tha tak maiah, lane fel thlapa In ding a tam hle. Mizoram tlangdung hi Chhim leh hmar hawizawnga inkhawh a nih avangin khaw tam zawk hi chhim leh hmar hawia ding a ni a, Chhak leh thlang inhawi tawna In sak a ni tlangpui thin. Ni awm dan leh eng luh dan atanga teh a chutiang bawhchhia chu a awm fur. “Chutiang chiah chu a ni tur” tih theih a ni hauh lovang, mahse fimkhurna tur leh kan chik lehzual tur lai niin a lang.

Zovawk chal ngum er tan mai hmuh tur a awm a, Zovawk pian ni reng reng lo hnungzang zawl dah mai a awm nual bawk. Chutih rual erawh chuan Australia vawk tha mi ang tia zeta lian ni awm a ngaih theih a awm fur.
Kan kutchhuak ten belhchian a dawl lehzualna turin a tak tak hmuh tam a pawimawh. Thingtlang la hmu lo, thingtlang kawtthler lem ziak, Zovawk la hmu lo Zovawk lem ziak, Mizo thuama inthuam Aryan hmel hmai pu ta daih si te hi a pumpelh theihin a lang. Thingkung mum pel pul te, Zotlangsanga phai thing to ta tlat te, vur ram thing to ta tlat mai te pawh kha… ngaihtuah ngun deuh a, chik deuh a siam rem harlo tak tur a ni.

Rawtna tlem
Annual Art Exhibition hi MADS member a duh apiang tana tel theih a ni hian Artist tam tak a dawm kan rualin Artist te hian hmasawn phah nan an hmang lem lo emawni le a tih theih. Heng rawtna fahrah te te hi kan nei ve teh ang:
1. Exhibition hi tun aia a hlut a, artist ten hma an sawn lehzual theih nan a duh apiang tel theih ni chung si hian inthlitfim dan kawng zawn a tulin a lang. “Annual Exhibition-a tel pha” nih tuma hmasawnna rilru an put theih nan ruahmanna siam a tulin a lang.
– Jury mumal tak siam ni sela. A tel duh tur ten an works an thehlut anga, chuta tang chuan Main gallery-a tar tur chin bik thlan ni se.
– Jury ten an thlan dan hi grade hrang hrangah then ni se. An grade a zirin gallery-a a lai lum chang tur leh chang lo tur ruahman ni se.
– Tel phalo te pawh awm hial se.

2. Curating a mumal a tul. Insi thupa tar loh dan kawng dap a ngai.
– Theme inang deuh tar khawm. Viewing space tha zawk awm thei tura buatsaih a tul bawk .

3. Tun aia puandarh zau a tul viau bawk.


Artist te hi mahni ngaihtuahna puangchhuak tur te, a taka hmuh mai theih loh leh hriat mai theih loh te hmuh theih tura min chhawpchhuah sak turin kan beisei thin. Ngaihtuahna hruai a, an kutchhuaka min hruai lut thei kutchhuak hmuh hi kan chak em vanga hetiang thil hi sawi mai ka ni e.

Mau Malsawmna

Khawvela hnam chi hrang tam tak zinga mau leh rua buaipui nasa ber te zinga mi chu Mizote hi kan ni awm e. Keini ang bawkin India hmarchhaka hnam hrang hrang te leh Asia rama hnam hrang hrang, a bikin Asia chhim chhak lam hnam te pawhin an hmang ṭangkaiin an buaipui nasa hle a. Mau leh rua pawh chi hrang an ngah hle bawk. Kan hnam azirin kan hman dan a inanglo a, deh-hnanga kan  themthiam dan pawh a inthlau viau bawk.

Sihphir Puansen ram-ah hian dan lovin khua din a ni a, a vel ramngaw a chereu nasa hle. Nasa taka an beih hnuah Sihphir khawtlang chuan dan lova awm te an um chhuaka, sanctuary atan an cheibawlin an humhalh ta a, reilote chhungin ramngawah, mau hmun ṭha takah a lo chang leh ta

India ramah hian mau leh rua (tun aṭang chuan mau tiin kan sawi tawh ang) chi hrang 125 (tualṭo) leh 11 (lakluh) a awm ni a ngaih a ni a, heng mau leh rua hrang hrang te ṭona hmun belhkhawm hi 156866 sq. Km zeta zau a ni (SFR 2017). India hi khawvela mau leh rua ngah berte zinga mi niin, China dawttu ni a sawi a ni a, a ngah ber anga sawi an awm bawk. India ramah chuan India hmarchhak, leh West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh te leh Chhim thlang lam hi mau leh rua ṭona hmunpui a ni a, India Hmarchhak state hrang hrang a awmna hmun hi India rama mau hmun awm zat za a 32 zet a ni thung (SFR 2017).

Mizoram dinhmun

Mizoramah hian mau leh raw lam chi tualṭo 25 leh lakluh 10 a awm nia ngaih a ni bawk (E&F 2010). Mizorama mau zingah “Mautak” (Melocanna baccifera) a tam ber a, mau lam chi kan neih za a sawmkua zet hi mautak nia ngaih a ni. Rawṭhing, Rawnal leh Phulrua te hi Mautak tihlohah chuan a tam ber te zinga mi a ni. Kum 2009 khan Forest Research Institute (FRI) lama mithiam Dr. HB Naithani-a leh a hoten Mizoram aṭangin mau chi thar, khawvel hmundang aṭanga report a la awm lo – Talan (Bambusa mizorameana) leh Dampa mau (Bambusa dampaeana) an hmuchhuaka (Naithani et. al. 2009, 2010), ‘talan’ hi chu Mizoten kan hriatṭhan sa pangngai a ni; anmahni vêk hian Manipur ramah ‘talan’ an hmuh thu an tarlang bawk.

State of Forest Report 2017-in a tarlan danin Mizorama mau ṭona hmun zawng zawng hi belhkhawmin 3267 sq. Km a ni a, report hmasa, SFR 2011 aiin 5978 sq. Km zetin kan mau hmun a kiam thung. Hei hi a chhan chhui chian ngai tak a ni. Kum 2006 chhoa mautam aṭangin mau chi hrang hrang a tah tawlin a tam chhho zel a, mautak, phulrua leh rawthla te a tam a, kum 2012 aṭangin rawnal a tam ṭan ve leh a, tun thlengin a la tam chhunzawm a. Kum 2015 khan Zawlnuam leh a chhehvelah rawṭhing a tam tlat bawk (Vanlalfakawma et. al. 2017).

Mautam hnuhnung bera tam ho khan ngai a awh chho leh ṭan tawha ngaih a ni a, chutih rual chuan mau hmun thildang atana hman zui tak a awm nual niin a lang bawk. Tun dinhmunah hian Mizoramah hian mau pum maktaduai 706 a awm nia chhut a ni a, SFR 2011[1] aiin pum 1489 zetin a kiam bawk.

Muthi lui kama Rawnal (D. longispathus) hung

Tun dinhmunah hian Mizoramah hian mau pum maktaduai 706 a awm nia chhut a ni a, SFR 2011 aiin pum 1489 zetin a kiam bawk. Mautam nghawng ai mahin ram leilung kan enkawl dan avanga mau hmun hi lo kiam a, mau pum zat hi lo kam ta duai niin a lang.

Mizo mau nge ṭha ramdang mau?

Ramdanga an mau te lakah chuan Mizorama kan mau te hi chu a chhah zawngah chuan a chhah lem lo viaua, a pum pawh a lian lo deuh zawk. Chutih rual chuan Mizoram kan mau neihsa te hman ṭangkai dan kawng zawng silova ramdanga an hman dan anga a hman hleihtheih loh avanga Mizorama mau te hi hmantlak lo leh chhe lailet dera kan puh ṭhin hi chu kan duhthawh deuh mah mah niin a lang. DN Tewari (1992) chuan “mautak hi paper ṭha bik siam nan an hmang ṭhin” tiin ‘A Monograph on Bamboo’ tih buah a sawia, hei ringawt pawh hi bawhzui tham a ni ang.

Mizoram mau Phai lama phurh thlak tur…@Saihapui

RIPANS leh MZU lama Mizorama mau ten Cellulose an pai zat an zirchiannaah chuan mautak leh rawnal te hian khawvel ramdanga an zirchian tawh thing leh mau chi dang te aiin cellulose a pai hnem zawk a ni tih an hmuchhuaka (Pachuau et. al., 2013; 2014). Tin, MZU-a an zirchiannaah Mizoram mau chi thum – Mautak, rawṭhing leh rawnal ten khawvel tilumtu boruak thianghlim lo – Carbondioxide (CO2) a eiral hi khawvel ramdanga mau ten an eiral aiin a sang zawk a ni tih an hmuchhuak bawk (Vanlalfakawma, 2018); China mau ṭha nia an sawi ṭhin, Moso mau (Phyllostachys  edulis) ai pawhin a sang zawk nghe nghe.

Mizo Kristian te tan sakhaw dang biakna hmanrua, agarbati stick lo phurpui viau pawh hi a fuh zan em?

Mizorama bamboo vinegar siamtu langsar tak, Pu Saikhuma (SK Bamboo) chuan Mizoram tualṭo ngei a hman duh zawk thu leh vinegar a chhuah tam ber thu a sawi. Thawkkhat lai khan Agarbati stick siamna tur changchawiin mau chi thar, ram dang aţangin kan lalut chiam mai bawka. A ti nasa ṭhenkhat te kan kawm kualnaah chuan Mizoram mau hi a pan avangin a chhuak tlem deuh nain a khawng zawka, an duh zawk mah niin an sawi. Chumi piah lamah, Mizo Kristian te tan sakhaw dang biakna hmanrua, agarbati stick lo phurpui viau pawh hi a fuh zan em? Ngaihtuah tham tak a ni.

Rawtuai – mautuai leh a kaihhnawih

Rawtuai leh mautuai hi Mizo te hian kan ei nasa hle mai a, keini ang bawkin khawvela hnam hrang hrang te pawh hian an lo ei nasa ve tho mai bawk. Rawtuai khawrh hi a pawi em? Khap tur a ni em? Tih zawhna hi a ri a ring hle ṭhin, tun thleng pawha la chhan mumalloh niin a lang. Mizoram tan bika felfai taka zirbinga thultukna leh rawtna mumal tak hi a la awmlo niin a lang bawk. Rinthu leh thu puarpawlenga inhnial ai chuan a taka zirchian mai hi a fuhin a rinawm.

Rawtuai khawrh leh khawrhloh tluk zeta pawimawh chu mau pum sah leh sah loh hi a ni. Rawtuai khawrh dan chungchanga kaihhruaina kan neilo ang bawkin mau sah dan chungchangah pawh kaihhruaina mumal kan neilo niin a lang. A bik takin mau pum kan sahin a upat dan kan ngaipawimawh lemlo niin a lang. MZU-in kum 2014 leh 15-a an zirchiannaah Aizawl veng hrang hranga mau pum zuarho zawrhlai a enfiaha, heng zinga a tam zawk hi tuai tê tê, kum hmasa tuai emaw, kum 2 la tlingo emaw a ni fur tih hmuhchhuah a ni (Lalremsang et. al. 2017). Kum 3 tal a tlin hmaa sah hian mau ṭhang zel tur a ti ṭhuanawp hle a, a hung pawhin a tuar thei hle a ngaih a ni (Salam & Deka, 2007). Mau pum kan sah nasat lutuk chuan rawtuai insiam tur a tibuai pha tih hi khawvel ram danga zirmite hmuhchhuah a ni. Chutih rual chuan sah ngailoh leh a tuai khawrh ngailohnaah chuan a hung a tawta, a zungpui insiama ṭhang zel tur a ti ṭhuanawp thei thung (Salam & Deka, 2007).

Mizoram mau, Langkaih lui kaltlanga phai lama an tawlh… Pic. Courtesy: Ap-a

World Bamboo Day

Kum 2009-a Bangkok-a World Bamboo Congress vawi 8-na chuan September 18 hi World Bamboo Day (WBD) atan a puang a, hemi a chinah kumtin thupui bik neiin hman ṭhin a ni ta a ni. Kumin World Bamboo Day thupui atan World Bamboo Organization chuan “Sustainability = Environment + Society + Economy” a thlang a, mau hmanga hmasawnna ṭhang dik neih theih dan tur, environment tana pawi silo, mipui te tana hmasawnna ni si, ram economy tana ṭhanna thlen thei tur si chungchang a ni ber awm e.

Image courtesy: http://worldbamboo.net/world-bamboo-day

Khawvel ram hrang hranga zirmite chuan mau hmanga eizawng te dinhmun nasa takin an zira, mau hmanga sum leh pai dehchhuah dan ṭha zawk tur an duang chho mek zel a, a awmsa tihpun kawngah ṭan an la nasa hle. Pi-Pu hunlai aṭanga an lo hman dan hnualsuat lovin, a ti hmasawn zawng leh hralh tlak lehzual turin an cheihnum a, a tlo leh zual theih nan a vawnṭhat dan te pawh an ngaihtuah nasa hle bawk. Tin, tarlan tawh angin khawvela thlai zinga ṭhang chak ber a nih miau avangin mau hian environment siam ṭhat kawngah a thawhhlawk hle tih hi hmuhchhuah zel a ni bawk.

Mizorama Bamboo Indutry hlun ber chuan Bamboo matply leh a kaihhnawih siam nan Mautak leh Rawnal an duh ber tlat!

Mizo society leh culture-a bet nghet tak, kan rama mau te hi tun aia hman ṭangkai dan leh hlawk zawk kan ngaihtuah a ṭul a, chu chu kan bat pawh a ni. Ramdanga an tih tawh ang tih ve a, an mau ang chawk luh chiam ai chuan kan ram mau ṭhat bikna ngaihtuah chunga hlawk leh ṭangkai thei ang ber tura kan ram mau te kan hman hi kan mawhphurhna a ni. Chumi rual chiah chuan a sah hun leh khawrh dan te, enkawl dan ṭha zawk te pawh nasa leh zuala kan inzirtir a pawimawh hle bawk. Mau kaltlanga malsawmna kan dawn mêk hi kan dawn chhunzawm zel theih nana malsawmna inthup hi hailang zel turin kan puanven i sawichhing sauh sauh ang u khai.

[1]State of Forest Report (SFR) 2011 hi kum 2009 – 2010 chhunga zirchianna, kum 2011-a tichhuah a ni a, chutiang zelin SFR 2017 hi kum 2015 – 2016 chhunga zirchianna kum 2017-a tihchhuah a ni bawk.

Thulakna te:

 David C. Vanlalfakawma, F. Lalnunmawia, and S.K. Tripathi (2018). Bamboo Ecosystem: An Untapped carbon trading resources. In: Climate Change and Developing Countries (Ed. Banshaikupar Lyngdoh Mawlong). Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. Pp. 222 – 236. ISBN (10):1-5715-1174-X; ISBN (13): 978-1-5275-1174-3

David C. Vanlalfakawma, F. Lalnunmawia, S.K. Sen, and S.K. Tripathi, (2017). Sporadic flowering of Bambusa tulda in Mizoram: A preliminary report. Sci Vis. 17(3):160 – 162.

Environment & Forest (2010). Bamboos of Mizoram. Environment and Forest Department. Government of Mizoram, Aizawl. Pp. 1 – 206

Lalduhsanga Pachuau, C. Malsawmtluangi, Nirmal Kumar Nath, H. Ramdinsangi, David C. Vanlalfakawma, Shri Kant Tripathi (2013). Physicochemical and functional characterization of microcrystalline cellulose from bamboo (Dendrocalamus longispathus). International Journal of PharmTech Research 5 (4):1561-1571

Lalduhsanga Pachuau, David C. Vanlalfakawma, Shri Kant Tripathi, H. Lalhlenmawia (2014) Muli bamboo (Melocanna baccifera) as a new source of microcrystalline cellulose. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 4 (11):087-094

H.B. Naithani (2009). Bambusa mizorameana, a New Species of Bamboo from Mizoram, India. Indian Forester  135(9): 1291 – 1292.

H.B. Naithani, S. S. Garbyal, N. S. Bisht (2010). Bambusa dampaeana – a New Species of Bamboo from Mizoram, India. Indian Forester 136 (7): 991 – 992.

Paul Lalremsang, David C. Vanlalfakawma and S.K. Tripathi (2017). Socio-Economic Potential and marketing trend of Bamboo in Mizoram: A case study from Aizawl District. Indian Forester 143(9):737 – 744.

Salam, K. and Deka, N.K.R. (2007). In: Kalita, S.N. (ed.) Training manual on Nursery raising, commercial Plantation, preservation and primary processing of bamboo). Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre Bamboo Technical Support Group for National Bamboo Mission, Guwahati – 781 024, Assam, India

SFR (2017). India State of Forest Report 2017. Forest Survey of India, GoI, Dehradun

[Vanglaini Vol. XXXIII No. 221 September 19, 2018-ah tihchhuah a ni]

…in Translucence

I can see myself only through a mirror. And I know that I would never see myself like other would see me.  Being a mirror lover, I let people see the world through a mirror. Prior to which, there’s an array of glasses. An array of conductors and semi-conductors known as sensors, which lies behind the mirror, and senses everything. A gentle press on a button called shutter button let the memory card record what I saw through a mirror. And they call that a Photograph. A mirror aided cameras, with a memory card are  what they called Digital Single lens Reflex Camera 😀

Sometimes, like fashion, technology keeps on changing and revolving. Sometimes bulky cameras are the no. 1 fashion, sometimes not. Sometimes, handy cameras are more fashionable. Handy cameras with a flipping mirror is near to impossible…(may be). When size does matter, technology comes to the rescue…Hence a camera technology without a reflex-mirror was developed.

Being a Leica fan for a very long time, but who doesn’t afford, I sold my 7 years old DSLR and some accessories, and invested it for a camera which look alike Leica the most (they might not like it, though)… a Fujifilm mirrorless aka an SLT camera. Customizing all the knobs and buttons to make it more ergonomical (like my DSLRs), I started to see the world through a translucent glass. My vision is now in translucence.

Here are some few pictures through my translucent vision. Of course, this is not a review article of a camera…just about pictures made by using fujifilm X-E3. If you wanted to read about the reviews and comments of this camera, just google it! 😀

A view from my veranda…just a random shot

On the bank of Chite Lui, SIPMIU is constructing a sewage treatment plant. The course of the Chite lui has gradually changed, as compared to our childhood days

Some part of Republic Veng, Aizawl

One of the reason why I opted for a smaller camera is street photography. Just a few minute across the Bara Bazar…

A school boy waiting for his nanny was enjoying the sidewalk near Dawrpui Church

Two Wheeler taxis are a new addition to Aizawl Traffic, cheaper rates, faster mode…

A roadside fastfood stall…tea and snacks are available and so is “kuhva hring”

Non-locals freely work here in Aizawl, provided they have a statutory permit. If they have that permit, then, there’s no discrimination from the locals.

2nd hand garments

A 2nd hand toy vendor

It would be every child’s dream to have a house full of toys…a toy seller unintentionally often make the children cry…hehe

As the working hour is over, offices are closed. This young boy while waiting for his father, who was a caretaker of this office sat and play with his father’s phone.

Night life in Aizawl is peaceful…there are few food vendors selling tandoori chicken. But most of the restaurants and shops are closed in the evening.

I saw these youths playing mobile games in front of a closed shop, I parked my bike, and clicked…they didn’t knew that they were photographed! 😀

At the end of the day, I remember Gabriel Fuchs  words “the more people are interested in photography, it is the manufacturer who gained the most, not the user…”

[All pictures shot with fujifilm X-E3 + fujinon 23mm f/2 lens]

I’m on Instagram too → https://www.instagram.com/thevidcvan/

Nikir thla ti ti

June thla khan eng engemaw post ka tuma, mahse ka post lo. Ka ziak hman lo a ni. Tunah pawh ka la ziak ta chuanglo a. Engtikah nge ka ziah ang pawh ka hre chuang lo a. Engtak chu nge post ka tum pawh ka hre chuang lo. June thlazet kha chu ka damchhunga ka tawn ropui ber a ni hial awm e. Khatiang kha ka tawng leh tawhin ka inring lo. Heta han sawi tur chi a ni em pawh ka hre thiam lo e –

June thla khan chanchin lawmawm tak kan chhungkuain kan dawnga, Chanchin Tha avangin ka tawn ngailoh ka tawng bawk.

June thla khan ramsa vang êm êm mai, ramsial/sele kah a nih thu a thang chiama, thuneitu te pawhin hma an la zuia, dan bawhchhetu an hling nghal chat mai. Ropui tak a ni. Ka tel vena, BIOCONE (www.biocone.org) pawhin Sorkar hmalakna lawmawm a tih thu leh sorkar a thlawp thu te, dan bawhchhetu te a dem thu te a chhuah bawka. Chutih mek laiin Mizorama phul hmun nuam ber leh lian ber te zinga mi, Sialsuk tlangah tuten emawni thing an lo phun ve mek thung a ni awm a. Sialsuk tlanga phulhmun hi thing han awm khep khupna tura Pathian duan chu a nih loh hmel khawp mai; Tlaizawng leh Vaube an phun a ni awm a. Hman deuh khan pawl pakhat chuan Hmuifangah “Far tiak” an phun chiam tawh bawka. A chang leh ngaw hmun thiata phulhmun siam kan tuma, a chang leh phulhmuna thing phun kan tum leh ang lawia, a awmsa hi kan ngaitheilo viau zel mai chu a ni, eng kan ti zo ta nge mawni?

Artukkhuan (Mirabillis jalapa)

Project Zo-pangpar

Ka thiannu Dr. Saithani’n Mizorama tualto pangpar thlalak min rawn zawt thut maia, ka lo nei mumallo viau lehnghala. Ka ngaihsak tawkloh vang a nih rualin hmuh tur hi a vang ve hrim hrim tawh bawk a ni. A zarah tlem chu ka lakhawm ta hlauha, Mizo pangpar tam zawk par loh lai a nih leh zel avang erawh chuan lakkhawm tam a har viau. Fur laia pangpar thlalak tur zawn chu hmuh tam a har teh e. Mizoramah hian thing leh mau, thlai chi hrang  chi engemaw zat kan neia, heng te hi ram tam takah awm velo, an awh ngawih ngawih a ni. A mi chenga te hian hlutna chang kan hre thinloa, ram danga mi kan lalut zela, kan ngaisang êm êm zel zawk mai thin bawk sia, a manganthlak ngawt mai.

Fur pui

Fur lai a ni a, ruah a sur nasaa, lei a mina, tui a lian bawka. Kawngpui chhuat a bala, tlang pang a min a, In a chima, hmun hrang hrangah chhiatna a thleng nasa hle. Mi tam tak tan chuan ‘Furchhia’ a ni a, a runthlak tak zet a ni. Mi eng emawzatin an chenna an chana, an nunna an chan phaha, chungkua a tiavai phah bawka. Inkalpawhna kawng a chhiaa, chakkhai lamna a buai zova.

Furpui hmahruai Ruahthimpui

Fur hi kum tin a thleng thina, pumpelh theih a ni lo. Furpui avanga chhiatna thleng thin tam tak pawh hi pumpelh harsa tak a ni ang. Chhiatna a thlen tam tak tihziaawm dan erawh a awm ngei ang. Inbuatsaihna tha leh ruahmanna felfai awm se chuan kan tawrh hi tun aiin a zia ngei ang. Josefa anga tam laka inven dan ngaihtuah chuak thiam ram hruaitu kan mamawh a ni ta ber awm e.

Wrath of Monsoon. Hunthar Veng leitlahniam (June 13, 2017)

Furchhia han ti thin mah ila fur avanga thlai thar, ei leh bar hmu kan ni miau maia, kan tui tlan lah fur avanga a hna kang chatlo a ni si. Thenkhat tan chhiatna zakhua, sorkar lu ti haitu nimahse, mi tam tak tan, nungcha te tan, thilsiam dang te tan erawh nunna hnar a ni lawi si.

Furah chuan Dingdi (Asclepias curassavica) pawh ama tawk tein a lo vul ve chik cheka, en hnaih poh leh a mawi ting mai a

Thlasik khawvawt leh thal khawroin a hmeh ro, fur ruahtui avang lo hring leh dup thin kan tlangram hian ruah bawhawk a ngam lo zual ta viau mai hi erawh a mi chenga te kan inenfiah a ngai viauin a lang. Khuarel chhiatna kan tih tam tak hi chu a mi chenga ten kan chenna leh a vel kan enkawl uluk loh vang leh kan fimkhur tawk lo vang a thleng tam tak a awm ngei ang, a nih loh vek chuan kan ram hi a chhe ve hrim hrim a ni ang!

He’ng thu hnep hnawl te te hi June thlaa post ka tum zinga mi thenkhat, ka tih mumal takloh te kha a ni ta mai awm mange!